Although the first modern Olympic Games took place in the Summer of 1896 in Athens, Greece, it was not until 1924 that the first Winter Olympic Greece were held. Taking place in Chamonix, France, this event was called "International Sports Week, 1924". It was first referred to as the Winter Olympic Games two years later.Before 1924 some Winter Sports were held in conjunction with the Summer Olympic Games. Figure skating competitions were held during the Summer Olympics in London in 1908 and in Antwerp in 1920. Ice hockey was also a Summer Olympic sport in 1920.The first Winter Olympic medalist was American Charles Jewtraw in 500m Speed Skating. This took Place in Chamonix, France in 1924. Also in these games, Clas Thunberg, a Finnish speed skater won five medals, a feat not equaled for 56 years.In the 1928 Winter Olympic Games, Canada won the gold medal in Ice Hockey while not allowing their opponents to score a goal! A unique feature of these games was the only five-man bobsled competition in Olympic history (the U.S. won both the gold and silver medals).The Games of 1936 in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany saw the emergence of sixteen-year-old Laila Schou Nilson as an Olympic star. At the time, she held every speed skating record for distances between 500m and 5000m. But since women's speed skating was excluded from this Olympics, she decided to compete instead in the combined downhill, which she won.In 1952 in Oslo, Norway, the most interesting story was one of weight - not skill. Germans Andreas Ostler and Lorenz Nieberl had a combined weight of over 500 pounds when they won the two-man bobsled event. Since heavier sleds move faster, this led the International Bobsled Federation to put a maximum weight limit on competitors.The first year that the Soviet Union competed in the Winter Olympics was 1956 in Cortina, Italy. In this, their inaugural Games, they dominated, finished first in the medal count, winning seven of 24 events.The underdog 1960 U.S. Olympic hockey team in Squaw Valley, California, beat both Canada and the Soviet Union to clinch a tie for the gold medal. In order to win outright, however, they had to defeat Czechoslovakia. Lagging four to three at the end of the second period, the Americans got some help from an unlikely source. Nikolai Sologubov, the Soviet team captain, visited their locker room, suggesting that they breathe concentrated oxygen to increase their stamina. In the next period, the U.S. team scored six goals to win the game and the gold!1964, Innsbruck, Austria. Lydia Skoblikova became the first person to win four gold medals in a single Olympics when she swept the women's speed skating events. She had won two speed skating golds in the previous Games.In Grenoble, France the 1968 Winter Olympics was electrified by the performance of frenchman Jean-Claude Killy who won gold in every Men's Alpine skiing event. Figure skater Peggy Fleming was the only American gold medalist at this Olympics.Japanese ski jumpers put on a dazzling display for the home crowd as the won gold silver and bronze medals in 70m ski jumping at the 1972 games in Sapporo, Japan. They had previously won only one medal in the history of the Winter Olympics.The most interesting person in the Winter Games in Lake Placid in 1932 was Eddie Egan from the U.S. He became the only person in Olympic history to win medals in both the Summer and Winter Olympics when he won a gold medal in the four-man bobsled. In the 1920Summer Olympics, he had won a gold medal in the light heavyweight boxing division.